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Finance Ministry Acting Or Enacting A Ban On Stablecoins?

Key Takeaways
  • The Finance Ministry will draw a systematic resolution on 10th June 2024 after the results of the Lok Sabha Election.
  • Foreign exchange exposure is reduced and the risk of currency mismatches is lower and therefore less likely to create instability in the financial system.
  • India could strengthen the existing Digital Payment Infrastructure by promoting UPI and Digital wallets.
22-May-2024 Sakshi Jain
Finance Ministry Acting Or Enacting A Ban On Stablecoins?

Is The Finance Ministry thinking of putting a Ban on Stablecoins?

What’s The News

The Finance Ministry is trying to make repercussions with the biggest law firms for banning the Stablecoins or implementing regulations on Stablecoins due to problems arising in stabilizing and controlling the flow of digital currency. 

The Finance Ministry will draw a systematic resolution on 10th June 2024 after the results of the Lok Sabha Election. This will affect the market which will bring some sort of positive and negative economic impacts on the Crypto Market. Everyone is aware that Stablecoins are a type of cryptocurrency whose value is fixed to another asset to maintain a stable price.  The most popular and largest Stablecoin by Market Capitalization is USDT and USDC. Stablecoins are equivalent to dollars on the Blockchain. 

What are the problems arising with the Stablecoins?

As stablecoins are increasingly utilized as a means of payment and hold more value in the traditional financial system, the associated risks will increase if they are not properly regulated. Therefore, Stablecoins could become a safe place for value if their support is liquid and readily converted into the underlying fiat currency. Though they are most circulated within the crypto world, stablecoins might one day be embraced by classical financial institutions and enhance the cross-border payment system. But if proper regulatory frameworks are not put in place then the prudential conduct and payment system risks might increase which leads to instability.

The main concern is that stablecoins enable the conversion of money at any destination. These digital currencies reflect the real currencies but rely on blockchain technology for their transactions, which may be cheaper, more secure, and provide more access to financial services. Nonetheless, regulation is also essential, especially in the right measure. Due to the faster and cheaper handling of payments and international remittances, it is necessary to take steps to control them since they also have economic gains to offer. Even though stablecoin payment systems will be available in most countries within the next 18 months, the governments of many countries have already started to develop regulations or ban Stablecoins.

Ban on Stablecoins enactment brings what?

Global regulatory institutions monitor stablecoins to determine whether they follow financial conventions and laws as the industry expands. The regulatory examination is conducted to protect investors and support financial stability.

Banning stablecoins would let India increase Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC) which can provide numerous advantages, including increased financial stability, enhanced regulatory norms, higher economic productivity, innovation, retained monetary policy autonomy, and a better international payment system. India can also minimize the risks of financial instability associated with the unregulated usage of stablecoins caused by digital currencies. Foreign exchange exposure is reduced and the risk of currency mismatches is lower and therefore less likely to create instability in the financial system. This is particularly important for maintaining the stability of the Indian Rupee.

Banning stablecoins ensures that all financial transactions remain within the regulatory framework which makes it a lot easier for the authorities to enforce financial laws and prevent illegal activities like money laundering and terrorism financing. This means that the RBI can have greater control over monetary policy and manage inflation within the economy. 

The ban on stablecoins also ensures that consumers are protected from possible scams and frauds that may arise in the crypto market which is in most cases not well-regulated. Also, consumers would be less susceptible to the risks associated with digital assets, such as dramatic price drops that result in substantial losses. A national digital currency would be beneficial in terms of economic sovereignty by guaranteeing that the discretion of the monetary base is retained in the hands of the central bank. Banning stablecoins can prevent the risk of capital flight, where large amounts of money leave the country potentially destabilizing the economy. This will minimize the possibilities of market manipulation and speculative trading. Hence, creating a more predictable environment.

Banning Stablecoins leads to stopping the untrapped or uncharted flow of money inside or outside. The Ban on Stablecoins will have an impact on the Crypto Market because Stablecoins, like USDT (Tether), USDC (USD Coin), and others are used as a means of payment. They help in trading by offering a stable value as opposed to the highly fluctuating digital currencies. An outright prohibition might diminish the liquidity and trading volumes in Indian exchanges, which will make it challenging for traders to enter or exit their positions. Hence, Without stablecoins, traders would be forced to use either fiat currency directly or other cryptocurrencies, which could increase market volatility. This could lead to larger price swings and less stable market conditions

The negative is that you cannot trade on other foreign exchanges. Stablecoins are typically utilized for international payments and transfers due to their relative value and reduced fees versus traditional banking institutions. A ban could curtail these efficient transfer options rendering businesses and consumers with no other choice but to rely on costly and time-consuming traditional methods.

Stablecoins are used by many platforms in Decentralized Finance (DeFi) for lending and borrowing. A ban would limit access to these innovative financial services for Indian users by potentially slowing the adoption of DeFi in the country. Banning stablecoins could also lead to legal challenges from businesses and consumers affected by the ban. This might lead to legal drag and uncertainty in regulations that may last for decades.

Stablecoins are another important part of the blockchain industry. A blanket ban on them might lead to the suppression of innovation and discourage business and technology firms from pursuing blockchain-inspired initiatives in India.

Stablecoins can perform the banking function for the unbanked and underbanked population. By preventing them from operating in India, India could lose the opportunity to achieve financial inclusion through digital currencies. The instability of digital currencies may harm the digital economy, including e-commerce and digital payments. This can hamper the acceleration of the digital economy and reduce the potential positive impact of digital financial services.

Other Alternative option in place of stablecoins

In order to protect their economies and financial systems from potential disruptions caused by stablecoins, developing economies must find a balance between encouraging financial innovation and taking the appropriate precautions. The Alternative to stablecoin could be many other options that can support India after banning Stablecoins. The other option is CBDC, by focusing on a CBDC, India can harness the benefits of digital currencies within a regulated environment that will lead to economic development and digitization. 

India could strengthen the existing Digital Payment Infrastructure by promoting UPI and Digital wallets and also by regulating government-backed digital assets and tokens. India should develop a Blockchain-based payment network to support secure and transparent transactions and also collaborate with private firms for better innovation. 

Ensuring the existing regulatory framework for digital assets, also promoting digital literacy and FinTech startups among the population can help people understand digital financial services. International collaboration can be a better alternative option rather than stablecoins.


Although stablecoins have positive impacts, they also have negative impacts, especially on developing economies. A total prohibition on stablecoins will impact the cryptocurrency ecosystem and players, businesses, customers, regulatory structures, innovation, and financials in the economy. The potential negative effects might be larger than the benefits thus resulting in a more unfavorable environment for digital financial innovation and economic development. The risks are important because they demonstrate the need to create effective regulatory systems. These include currency mismatches, circumvention of capital account regulations, undermining of capital flow restrictions, issues with credit rating, money laundering risks, currency substitution concerns, and threats to domestic interest rates. 

Also Read: Binance Comeback Will Upheaval Indian Crypto Market

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