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How to learn cryptocurrency, a basic crypto guides for novice.

10-Jun-2022 By: Pankaj Gupta
How to learn cryptocurrency, a basic crypto guides for novice.

The world of cryptocurrencies is volatile and changing rapidly; 

if you play your cards right, it is one of the most profitable markets in the world, all because of the mass adoption of one of the most sophisticated technology in fintech - blockchain. 

Learning crypto markets is a tedious and time-consuming task, but the basics which you require to enter the market can be learned in a short time. Below is a summary of the basic concepts that we find should be mandatory before entering the market. 

Technical knowledge 

To enter the market, first, you need to know the meaning of cryptocurrencies.

What are cryptocurrencies?

Cryptocurrencies are digital coins that are powered by blockchain technology and are based on a decentralized culture. These cryptocurrencies maintain a ledger for every node, making it impossible for fraudulent transactions. The cryptography ensures that no malevolent parties get a hold of your funds. 

What is blockchain?

It is essential to understand what you are getting yourself into; hence it is vital to understand the underlying technology of Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies - blockchain. 

Blockchain is a network system of computer nodes that maintains a series of distributed ledgers. All nodes have their own ledger where each node's data is recorded and are immutable in nature. In the event of a fraudulent node, the network kicks them out after periodic auditing between nodes. Blockchain requires a consensus between nodes to push the transactions; each node has to give proof of some sort to determine whether the transaction is fraudulent or legitimate. The two major blockchain types are proof of work and proof of stake. 

It is important to note that most cryptocurrencies are based on blockchain; the inverse is not valid. Blockchain has many major use cases; cryptocurrency is the primary use case for now. 

Proof of Work

In Proof of Work or PoW, blockchain nodes have to solve mathematical problems, using the computational power of their machines to prove the authenticity of the transactions. The complexity of problems keeps on increasing with the increasing power of GPUs. Proof of Work is used by major cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, Ethereum, and Dogecoin. 

Proof of Stake

In Proof of Stake, instead of leveraging your machine's computational power, users can stake their own cryptocurrencies in order to validate the transactions; hence they are known as validators, while PoW validators are known as miners. 

The crypto market

The crypto market is where the value of a cryptocurrency project is decided; there are thousands of cryptocurrencies out there, and these coins require volume to get listed on exchanges so that crypto enthusiasts can buy or sell cryptocurrencies. That is why it is essential to understand the basics of the crypto market. 

Cryptocurrency exchange

crypto exchange is a place for crypto enthusiasts to buy and sell cryptocurrencies; these exchanges also have different derivative contracts that can help you take leverage and bet on the market on either side of price actions. There are essentially two types of crypto exchanges, centralized and decentralized. 

Liquidity pools

Imagine there is tremendous buying pressure on a specific asset, and there are fewer sellers. Liquidity pools are reserves of the asset in talk, which are held and maintained by exchanges to ensure there are enough coins for the buyers; the inverse is also true. 


Airdrops are marketing strategies that give enrollers free cryptocurrencies of the issuer's platform as marketing campaigns. Airdrops are popular since its a win-win situation because of the free nature of airdrops.

Bitcoin halving

Bitcoin halving is a four-year cycle that determines the market trend, in every four years, Bitcoin prices reach new all-time highs because of these cycles. Whenever the Bitcoin halving happens, it marks the start of a new bull cycle. 

Popular types of cryptocurrency genres

During the bull run, many crypto projects outperform other projects for some time. These phenomena are known as trend waves and are genre-specific and are the reason why investors multiply their money in a concise amount of time. Below are some of the most popular genre.

More protocols can be implemented with the use of listed frameworks to show the immense potential of the liabilities evasions and the net profit earned on assets with their underlying prospects of sections been stated in the new clause implementation with the help of the making of the sustainable market space so that new things might resurface.


DeFi, or Decentralized Finance, is one of the hottest things in the fintech market. DeFi is a network of decentralized systems of distributed ledgers, similar to those used by cryptocurrencies. DeFi is essentially a bank that is operated without the need of any kind of central authority. 


In crypto or not, you have undoubtedly heard about NFTs. NFTs are blockchain-based tokens that are immutable in nature; these can be anything from art work  to identity cards. NFTs have various other potential use cases and therefore have boomed in prices in the past few years. 


Metaverse is a cyber world, mostly 3D, which is avatar-based and lets users interact, play games, and experience new things with the help of VR. There are several Metaverse games that are trending right now, and Metaverse marks the new era of gaming, which brings us to P2E cryptocurrencies.

Play 2 Earn

Play 2 Earn or GameFi projects when Metaverse meets DeFi; gamers get rewarded with NFTs and cryptocurrencies just to play these free for all games. 

Layer1 projects

Layer1 blockchain projects are the original projects that enable users to develop their own decentralized applications or DApps and smart contracts. Cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum are Layer1 blockchain projects. 

Layer2 projects

Layer2 blockchain projects are built on top of the Layer1 blockchain and help increase the scalability and efficiency of the network. Projects like Loopring and ImmutableX are some of the popular Layer2 projects on the Ethereum blockchain. 

Type of analysis

Once into a community, you will find out there are different types of analysts; different types of analysis are for different situations and time frames. 

Fundamental Analysis(FA)

Fundamental Analysis or FA is an analysis done by understanding the asset's underlying value. For example, it helps an analyst to decide whether cryptocurrency is under or overvalued. These types of analyses are generally used for a long-term perspective. 

Technical Analysis(TA)

TA or Technical Analysis is an analysis of forecasting the asset price with the help of graphs and indicators like market data, volume, and other indicators. 

Price Action(PA)

The price action or PA is an analysis method in analyzing the basic movements of the underlying asset's price to generate signals of entry and exit in trades. PA stands out for its reliability and for not requiring the use of indicators. 


Crypto markets are hard to grasp because of their nature and high volatility. sBut once you attain mastery, crypto can be very profitable. Its very much understandable one you get the grasp of the naive building market and the big rooted players in the sessions of new layers.