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Fiat Currency vs Crypto currency: What are the Difference?

22 Dec 2021 By : Sanskar Ranka
Southeast Asia’s Lar

Fiat currencies, such as the US dollar and the Euro, are worthless in themselves. It only has worth because you have faith in it that you will be able to exchange it for something else in the future. Cryptocurrencies are technical "fiat currencies" in this context.

Fiat Currency

Today, fiat money is the most extensively used and accepted kind of currency. Its value is determined by a country's economic policies and economic strength. The dollar, for example, maintains its value through the US being a global economic powerhouse. Many fiat currencies, such as the dollar and the euro, used to be backed by scarce commodities such as gold and silver, which helped to keep their value. However, it is no longer backed by anything other than people's confidence. A fiat currency can lose its value if governments print too much money, as Germany did in the 1920s.


Cryptocurrencies, on the other hand, are anonymous and operate independently of governments. Digital currency. Magicinternet money. Digital cash. Virtual currency. There are many names for it. Cryptocurrencies are, at their core, a digital form of money. Bitcoin, Ethereum, Dogecoin, Ripple, and thousands of other cryptocurrencies are all powered by blockchain technology, which allows cryptocurrency transactions to take place. Without the need for a bank or a government, cryptocurrencies can be spent and received by anyone, anywhere, and at any time. It is for this reason that they are so innovative.

Fiat Currency vs CryptoCurrency

There are numerous distinctions between fiat currency such as the dollar and cryptocurrency such as Bitcoin.

Traditional Fiat currency is issued by a central authority with the authority to generate additional money for circulation. Printing more money can lead to inflation, which means that the value of a fiat currency, such as a dollar, will decline year after year as inflation rises. Cryptocurrencies, on the other hand, are not like that. The generation of new coins in CryptoCurrenciesis not under the power of any single person. Cryptocurrencies, unlike conventional currency, are not issued by governments. Many cryptocurrencies, on the other hand, are decentralized, which means that no single authority can decide to issue a new cryptocurrency. The underlying technology - blockchain technology - is the foundation of cryptocurrency trust. There are currently more than 5,000 cryptocurrencies in a market worth over $1 trillion.

Cryptocurrencies are solely available in digital form, with no physical coins or banknotes, unlike traditional fiat currencies do have coins and banknotes. Cryptocurrency records are typically spread throughout broad peer-to-peer networks, whereas traditional currency records are held by specific institutions, such as banks.

Decentralized cryptocurrencies are extremely resilient and do not require the validation of transactions by external parties (like a bank, for example). Because cryptocurrencies employ blockchain technology to verify transactions, all transactions are permanently recorded and irreversible, making them a very safe means to exchange value.

Bitcoin transactions are digitally validated using blockchain technology, which is not tied to a single server but rather to a global network of computers, making them less susceptible to fraud. Bitcoin went from $0.0008 to $0.08 in the first five days following its inception and has since soared to about $60,000 before falling 40% this year, but it is now recovering.